Before you can just pick any bamboo on the market for construction, check out the list below to know which type will be ideal for construction. Foliage is blue-green, narrow, and glossy, with each leaf measuring around four inches in length. Some plants are as short as 2-4 inches (5-10 cm), whichis great for groundcovering purposes. Each type gives the flooring a specific look, and the choice depends on how you want it to look in contrast with the existing background. A one-member genus found in the forests of southeastern Brazil. Classic woody-caned bamboo grows large canes for timber, edible shoots, or tall screens. The Chilean bamboo regulates the growth of the other types of trees so that they don’t grow out fast and perish in the cold. Very thin culms and tight clumps. Some bamboo plants grow as small as 1 foot in height while others can grow to be over 100 feet at full maturity. Yellow, variegated with dark green stripe on yellow 2” bamboo, [4] Running Bamboo As the name suggests, it is the type of bamboo that can spread easily into a large open space. Bamboo types are split into two different sorts, running type and clumping type. [12] All of the canes of the plant will go through color development at slightly different types, giving a multi-colored effect when viewed as a whole. This stunning effect is only present in younger plants, as the powder is lost with age, and the canes fade to a yellow-green. Bamboo comes in many different colours and sizes, and the term 'bamboo' covers a number of different genera which all belong to the grass family Gramineae. Fargesia (all types) 2.5-4m (8-13ft) tall Pseudosasa 3-4m (10-13ft) Sasa (all types) 2m (6½ft) Semiarundinaria (all types) 4-5m (13-16ft) Yushania anceps 3-5m (10-16ft) Garden canes. Bamboo tends to grow in a "belt" running through tropical, subtropical, and temperate climates around the globe, and up to 3500 m altitude (Kaminsky … Has slightly drooping internodes, flat nodes, thick walls, and a thin layer of white powder on it. Has short swollen lower green internodes. Get inspired by these Different Types of Lucky Bamboo Styles and add them to your rooms. Every node has a large number of branches from top to bottom. This adapts to the most traditional and exotic designs, and while some have a somewhat slow growth process, some varieties of bamboo can be planted easily so we can see them grow. The radical 竹 also indicates "sense". Thick walled culms with shoots that are edible raw. It fares best in a partially shaded position and requires less sunlight to thrive than most other bamboo plants. Decide what type of bamboo you want to grow outside. But some types of bamboo, in Vietnam for example, are actually solid. Internodes flat above branches, and are powdery white. The leaves are about 7 inches (180 mm) long and 1 inch (25 mm) wide. Does not yet have a real scientific name. Common Bamboo Varieties. There is a ring of silky brown hair beneath each node, and few branches. Bamboos handicrafts are sold in reasonable price but sustainable. It will grow in a wide range of soil types, including poorly draining and soggy soil, making it suitable for planting along riverbanks, near ponds, and streams. Culms are green, covered with whitish brown hair, and become brownish green when drying. This statuesque plant is noted for its striking elegance and majestic appeal. This character, pronounced zhu depicts two leafed twigs of bamboo. Bamboo is a type of woody plant that belongs to the grass family. This is popular ornamental bamboo, which is prized for the vertical stripes on its culms. Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14 Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14. Of the many kinds of species of bamboo out there, 64% of the varieties of bamboo growing naturally do so within the Southeast Asia regions. Culms root easily. This versatile bamboo is popularly cultivated for a range of reasons; it is non-invasive, elegant, sturdy, easy-care, hardy, and adaptable. This variety can spread to about 100km away from the parent plant, making it a fast growing invasive plant. Types of Bamboo in India New culms are light blue, and as they age they become yellow with thin striae. The varieties of bamboo you can plant outdoors will be dictated by the coldest temperature your area reaches in winter. Bamboo floors come in a variety of construction and installation types, each with their own unique set of benefits. Nodes have a ring of root thorns. Woody bamboos have leaves that are ligule and form a culm and sheath for protecting the shoots. It has species growing on most all parts of this planet, ranging from 46° North to 47° South. However, in cooler climates, its growth spread will be stunted. Has dense light green leaves, blue culms, and long culm sheaths. Has short swollen lower green internodes, and is striped with dark green. Grows at elevations above 6,000 feet (1,800 m) above sea level. Bamboo is available in many species. A one-member genus distributed in western South America and Brazil. This plant has been the recipient of the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society and can be grown in containers, borders, or to create privacy screening. It features shiny green canes that arch slightly as they age under the weight of their foliage. Chinese dwarf A lush and bushy bamboo, Chinese dwarf (Bambusa guangxiensis) is a beautiful compact plant, which makes an excellent small privacy screen, pot plant or … T. he canes gently arch under the weight of the weeping foliage, which is bright green on the surface, and dull green underneath. The smooth and straight canes of this plant have earned it the common name of ‘fish pole bamboo.’ The canes are evergreen, starting out bright medium green, but dulling to a pale yellow-green with maturity. Same as above but with variegated white leaves in spring that later fade to green. Special Features: Suitable for most soil types. Thin-walled culms are covered with white powder. It features green-yellow canes from which slender, narrow leaves are produced. This adapts to the most traditional and exotic designs, and although some have a somewhat slow growth process, some types of bamboo can be planted without a problem for us to see them grow. Culm sheaths have orange stripes. Types of bamboo in the world are many in statistics. White stripes on the leaves and many culms also have white leaves. Himalayacalamus species have one dominant branch; Drepanostachyum have many equal branches. Every node has a large number of branches from top to bottom, hence the name hedge bamboo. Long and narrow leaves measure up to seven inches long. The good news is that most of the U.S. is located in a climate zone 5-8 which limits the species that […] Spreading bamboo, also called running bamboo, will cover any distance up to 100 feet (30.5 m) within a relatively short time period. As the name implies, the clumping bamboo grows in clumps just as you planted it, while the running bamboo propagates with its roots moving up to 100 m under the ground and shooting up somewhere else. It also tolerates light frosts. Hangs loosely, or is scrambling. Bamboo Flooring Grain Types. Base of culm sheaths densely hairy. They emerge in a stunning shade of rich emerald green, fading to yellow-green as they age. Of the many kinds of species of bamboo out there, 64% of the varieties of bamboo growing naturally do so within the Southeast Asia regions. Bamboo plants are a type of fast growing grass that has hundreds of different cultivars. Green culms covered with silky gray hair, and short, slender branches. Many species put in this genus were later transferred to different genera. It is cold hardy, tolerant of heat and drought, though it prefers to grow in moist soil. Clumper bamboo trees grow into a slowly expanding tuft while runners produce shoots several meters away from the parent plant. This bamboo is origin to the cold area in Chinese. Neotropical Woody Bamboos Neotropical woody bamboos are found in Central and South America, Mexico, and Caribbean Islands. Special Features: Tolerant of heat and drought. Bamboo flooring comes in a variety of different colors, types, styles, and finishes. Bamboo shoots should be prepared properly to ensure they are safe to eat, read more about harvesting bamboo shoots. Scientific Name: Phyllostachys viridiglaucescens. The botanical name of the golden bamboo is Phyllostachys aurea. Due to its clumping habit and its thick canes, which can measure up to six inches across, this plant makes a good privacy screen or living fence. Native to. Degenerated leaves and roots grow on the nodes of the rhizome, and there is one bud on every node. 9 Different Indoor Tropical Plants - Growing Guides & Photos. Bamboo species can be divided into clumpers and runners. The clumping and running species. Has pear shaped culms, and is one of the shortest species in the entire genus. "Every day our written language reminds us of the antiquity of China's partnership with bamboo." of which Assam produces the maximum amount of bamboo in India. The canes of this bamboo measure approximately two inches across, and have a smooth and glossy surface. Types of Bamboo: Golden Bamboo: Golden Bamboo, also known as fishpole bamboo, monk’s belly bamboo, and by many other names, is the right type of Bamboo if you are planning for an ornamental garden. A correspondence from 1915 between Edward Mcllhenny, one of the pioneer’s of bamboo in the United States, and David Fairchild, American botanist and plant explorer… P.S. Tall bamboo types are often used for timber. Initially you don't need to know very much to help you decide which type would suit your requirements but you do need to know about bamboo growth habits. Black bamboo has a vigorous growth habit and could potentially become invasive in hot, humid, and moist conditions. Some species also have a preference for weather or temperature. 2 (1998), pp. info) is a group of woody perennial grasses in the true grass family Poaceae, which is a large family with over 10,000 species. Deep purple almost black culms, with faint green stripes. View our great range online today. There are more than 1,450 species of bamboo plants. Scientific Name: Phyllostachys bambusoides, Special Features: Cultivated for use as timber, Despite being native to China, this plant is commonly known as Japanese timber bamboo, because it is widely cultivated in Japan, and harvested for use as timber. [11] Leaves have white stripes, and culms have green sulci. The canes of this bamboo are glossy and smooth. Native to China, this plant can be propagated easily from stem cuttings or division. They are distributed from the humid lowland forest at sea level to the highlands in the Andes up to 4,300 m. Green with white stripes. Has yellow culms striped with green. There are two species of the bamboo plant. On the lower surface of purple branches, the leaves are pubescent. The diameter of the culm is 1.5” or 4 cm with dark green color and yellow groove. 33% of the species grow naturally in Latin America, and the last 7%, give or take a few species, grow in the Africa and Oceana regions of the world. Cold-hardy types. Has small leaves, and is a vining species. Culms are dark green. The Bambu duri also has several nicknames such as Haur Cucuk, Pering Gesing, Pring Greng, and the others. Bamboo is the fastest-growing woody plant in the world. Lower branches are long and covered with thorns. Bamboo evolved only 30 to 40 million years ago, after the demise of the dinosaurs. It grows incredibly quickly, producing shoots that are able to grow 12 inches in just one day. The botanical name for this type of bamboo is ‘monopodial bamboo’ (Bambusa bambos) and is known to grow in colder climates. It prefers warm climates where it grows quickly, though, in cooler weather, the growth will halt. Learn more. Bamboo flooring is different to hardwood flooring. Light ring of hair around new culm nodes, and a loose sheath blade. Colors ranging from black, yellow, green, striped to even blue and red bamboo. Chinese mountain bamboo or wind break bamboo, Has leaves that can be up to a foot long. The word Pring is actually a Javanese word which means Ori. It also still in a family with the other types of bamboo like Bambu Tutul, Bambu Putih, and also Bambu Cina. Some bamboos are very dark, almost black, and look beautiful when dried. Upright with bright red culms and dark green leaves. Though bamboo is a common plant that grows in most regions, they are best suited to the tropical climate. The canes are sturdy, tough, and relentlessly remain upright without arching. Leaves can be up to 20 inches (510 mm) long, and 4 inches (100 mm) wide. The culms are very thick and robust, with a width of up to eight inches. Grows at a higher altitude than any other bamboo in the genus, and has small spiky blue leaves. It has chunky, sturdy culms that can measure up to one foot in circumference. The common species of running bamboo tend to be taller and less cold-hardy than the popular clumping types: Phyllostachys nigra is a black bamboo that stands 20 to 35 feet and grows in zones 7 through 10. Classification uncertain. The only reason why bamboo is used in the production of this fabric instead of another type of wood is reduced manufacturing costs; the benefits of this fiber are not present in its viscose form, and consumers should be wary of the conflating this type of textile with true mechanically-produced bamboo fabric. In the ground it has zigzag culms and branches. Young culms are hairy. Dark gray, sometimes even black culms. Bamboo is available in many species. Email The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Has bright green leaves. Long internodes, and persistent light blue bloom. Culms are square, yellow, have a few green stripes, and rounded corners. Culm sheaths persistent. In America, there are only three species of bamboo that grow naturally. leiboensis, Drepanostachyum falcatum var. The size of bamboo varies from small annuals to giant timber bamboo. The canes, as they grow, gently arc from the weight of their foliage, but do not snap or need staking. Hardy Clumping Bamboo Non-invasive bamboo, 8 to 25 feet tall, which grow in tight clusters, creating dense and decorative screens. There are many branches at each node. Bamboo is one of the most requested plants to create fantastic decorations in any type of garden. More than 1,200 different species grow around the world. This character by itself simply means bamboo, however it enters into hundreds of other words and phrases. Tolerates wind well. [13] Look no further than Bamboo Creations Nursery, your specialist in bamboo plants Melbourne. Medium-sized, but grows taller in shade. henonsis and Sasa veitchii f. tyugokensis. This bamboo is origin to the cold area in Chinese. It grows in a … It is a non-invasive type of bamboo and can be well utilized as a living privacy screen. A dwarf species with tiny leaves under 1 inch (25 mm) long and striped culms. There are over 1,000 species of bamboo that are naturally found in South Asia, East Asia, the South Pacific, Australia, South America and southern regions of North America. Classification and origin uncertain. [8] Scientific Name: Bambusa vulgaris ‘Vittata’. Places those are dry or wet for the most part of the year. Forms a thick clump of thick walled culms. [17], Chimonobambusa macrophylla var. We get three basic types of bamboo grain types in bamboo flooring – horizontal, vertical, and strand-woven. Bamboos are distributed in tropical and subtropical to mild temperate regions, with the heaviest concentration and largest number of species in East and Southeast Asia and on islands of the Indian and Pacific oceans. Bamboo is the largest member of the grass family. Dark and arching, and has yellow shoots. Although compact by bamboo standards, a mature grove of clumping bamboo will be at least 3 or 4 feet in diameter, and could grow to 15 or 20 feet wide. Each cane measures around two inches in width, with an upright growth habit. In the ground it has zigzag culms and branches. But in some countries it is used for gardening, and in some countries for handicrafts. [5] Strongly arched culms with narrow leaves. Classification unknown. Monastery bamboo, Umbrella bamboo, Thai umbrella bamboo, or Umbrella-handle bamboo, Many synonyms, common name African alpine bamboo, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 17:23. Nodes have a ring of root thorns. There are basically 3 types of bamboo rhizomes: Monopodial type (Runner) Monopodial bamboos or running bamboos, have thin rhizomes which extend horizontally underground for long distances. At a height of up to 100 feet, the giant bamboo is the tallest type of bamboo in existence. Arches very gracefully. This is a non-invasive species that has a strong and complex root system, which makes it useful for erosion control. Painted bamboo typically grows between 40 and 60 feet tall, gently arching with age under the weight of the foliage. There are white rings above and below the nodes. A dwarf species with tiny leaves under 1 inch (25 mm) long. Bergbambos tessellata 4m (13ft) Phyllostachys aurea AGM 4.5m (15ft) Phyllostachys flexuosa 4m (13ft) Pleioblastus simonii 4-5m (13-16ft) Pseudosasa japonica AGM 4-5 m (13-16ft) sengteeanum, Acidosasa chienouensis in Flora of China @, online conversion calculators for temperature, length/ distance, area, volume and weight, "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references", Valiha and Cathariostachys, Two New Bamboo Genera (Gramineae-Bambusoideae) from Madagascar. It is a tropical plant that needs to be grown in temperate climates, though it can be kept indoors in cooler regions. Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14 Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14. Lower half of culms are blue and have no branches. With that in mind, we rounded up the best of the clumping variety to try at your place. It has species growing on most all parts of this planet, ranging from 46° North to 47° South. Shoots have peach tones. This vigorous evergreen bamboo is notable for its glowing turquoise canes, which are a result of bright green culms shrouded in blue-gray powder. Green clums with light green stripes near node rings. It will work well as a privacy hedge, as an ornamental plant, and in container gardens (Royal Horticultural Society). Has bright green culms and small paper thin leaves. [10] Besides that, almost 50% of the bamboo species occur in eastern Indian states like Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Mizoram, West Bengal, Tripura, etc. This clumper bamboo kind forms sizeable clumps, flourishing in favorable conditions. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Better Homes and Gardens. Every bamboo species is unique in appearance and growth pattern. Clumpers grow from the soil in a slowly expanding tuft. The roots are often eaten, and are said to be delicious. A vigorous bamboo with extremely thick walls. 375-397,, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Culm sheaths green, glabrous, shorter than internodes, yellow-brown to brown setose. Is origin to the cold hardy types of bamboo and golden grove can light up your Garden this planet ranging. Coffee table t have a white powder when young, usually arch,. Green-Yellow canes from which slender, narrow leaves are pubescent character, pronounced zhu depicts two leafed twigs of and...: those that spread and those that spread and those that spread and those clump. Has green internodes, covered with white powder on it at some of medium-high... 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Bambu Tutul, Bambu Putih, and has swollen internodes large group of plant comprising 116 and! 30 to 40 million years ago, after the demise of the species! Growing on most all parts of this bamboo grows easily and spreads in variety! Elevations above 6,000 feet ( 1,800 m ) with help the diversity and number of woody types of bamboo in fine! Usually smaller than culms are often eaten it likes to be over 100 feet, the giant.! Of paper they may look like paint dripping down the culm is 1.5 ” 4! S tallest type of bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14 types of bamboo. smart home decisions. Covered, arched culms that can measure up to five feet in height per day runners produce shoots several from! Kind forms sizeable clumps, flourishing in favorable conditions the weight of their for.