Image via Wikimedia Commons. Painters used an intense contrast between light and dark and had energetic compositions matched by rich color palettes. Art produced during this time was centered around the Church. Artists used soil, rocks, paper, rope, and other earthen elements to evoke a pre-industrial sentiment. This was often achieved through abstract forms. Her 1964 artwork Blaze features zigzag black and white lines that create the illusion of a circular decent. Spanish architect and sculptor Antoni Gaudi went beyond focusing on lines to create curving, brightly-colored constructions like that of the Basilica de la Sagrada Familia in Barcelona. American artist Frank Stella was of the earliest adopters of Minimalism, producing nonrepresentational paintings, as seen in his Black Paintings completed between 1958 and 1960. Pop Art 1950-1960. Rococo is characterized by lightness and elegance, focusing on the use of natural forms, asymmetrical design, and subtle colors. Below is a comprehensive art movements timeline that explores the characteristics, leading contributors, and important influences of each prominent period in the history of Western art. The Baroque period that followed Mannerism yielded ornate, over-the-top visual arts and architecture. Bosch's most elaborate works abound in vivid and fantastic vignettes, little self-contained scenes of delight or horror which can keep a viewer browsing happily for hours as if wandering in some surreal adventure playground (much in his work directly prefigures surrealism). Artists active in this style used shapes, colors, and patterns to create images that appeared to be moving or blurring, often produced in black and white for maximum contrast. The School of Athens, 1511, CharacteristicsStylized features, exaggerated details, decorative elements, Leading Contributors Surrealists were influenced by Karl Marx and theories developed by Sigmund Freud, who explored psychoanalysis and the power of imagination. The art of the early settlers of America primarily revolved around handicrafts. Art History Timeline Art Periods/ Movements Dates Chief Artists and Major Works Characteristics Historical Events Mesopotamia - Ancient Near East (3500 BCE – 636 BCE) Chapter 2 Sumerian (2700 BCE) Sumerian Votive Offerings, Standard of Ur, Ziggurat of Ur, Bull Lyre Warrior art and narration in stone relief Sumerians invent writing (3400 Post-Impressionist painters include Georges Seurat, noted for his pointillism technique that used small, distinct dots to form an image. We hope that our Art History Timeline will give you the bigger picture of art history, when the different artists lived and in which period. Of the fluid painting mediums, oil paint is unique in its range for opaque, transparent, and translucent painting. Artists used linear perspective and created depth through intense lighting and shading. Nearly 30,000 years old, they are discovered in 1969 on the rock face in a cave near Twyfelfontein in Namibia Image via Wikipedia. Gustav Klimt, Influential Works Generally, the history of Korean painting is dated to approximately 108 C.E., when it first appears as an independent form. Andy Warhol. Raffaello Sanzio da Urbin, The School of Athens, 1511. Alphonse Mucha As seen in many of the works of Matisse himself, the separation of color from its descriptive, representational purpose was one of the core elements that shaped this movement. William Blake, Influential WorksHenry Fuseli Prepared to help start the Cornerstones ILP 'Gallery'. Though discovered in 1940, they’re estimated to be up to 20,000 years old and depict large animals and vegetation from the area. 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